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Medical Laboratory Science

Kingston Campus | Program Code: 0134
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Overview

Medical Laboratory Technologists conduct sophisticated diagnostic tests on blood, body fluids and tissues to provide important information used in detecting illness and monitoring health. They enjoy rewarding careers where they use their skills to; measure chemical components in blood and body fluids, detect diseases in blood cells, perform blood typing and cross-matching for blood transfusion, detect and identify infections caused by bacteria and fungi, and prepare surgical and autopsy tissues for analysis. Medical Laboratory Technologists (MLTs) represent one of the largest groups of professionals in health care.

The final year of the program occurs inside the laboratories of partner hospitals and private institutions and is arranged by the College. Students are expected to finance clinical placement costs (tuition, travel, room and board). Start date and location for third year placement are determined by program and clinical site requirements. Locations may include: Kingston Health Sciences, Brockville General Hospital (rotations at Kingston Health Sciences), Quinte Healthcare (Belleville Site), Mount Sinai Hospital, LifeLabs (Belleville site, rotations at Quite Healthcare), EORLA (Eastern Ontario Regional Laboratory Association) Ottawa sites including: The Ottawa Hospitals (Civic, General and Riverside Campuses) with possible rotations at Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO), The Montfort (Hospital), and Queensway Carleton Hospital, Sick Kids (Toronto), and Grand River/St. Mary’s Hospitals, Kitchener.

Graduates are eligible to write the general certificate exams of the Canadian Society for Medical Laboratory Science. To practice in Ontario, graduates of the program must meet strict requirements established by their regulator – the College of Medical Laboratory Technologists of Ontario (CMLTO). 

For more information on a career as a Medical Laboratory Technologist (MLT) please visit the following sites:

Canadian Society for Medical Laboratory Science (CSMLS)

College of Medical Laboratory Technologists of Ontario (CMLTO)

Medical Laboratory Professionals' Association of Ontario (MLPAO)

This allied health program is accredited by:

Program Details

Code 0134
Start Date September
Credential Ontario College Advanced Diploma
Campus Kingston
Program Length 3 Years
Delivery Full-Time

Program Highlights

Quick Facts about the Medical Laboratory Science Program at St. Lawrence College

For prospective students, written with input from current students!

  • Getting your immunization status checked, recorded and sent to the college Health Center prior to first semester is crucial to ensure that you can attend laboratory classes and ultimately the clinical labs. This program is training you for a profession in which your exposure to dangerous materials, samples and infectious agents is higher than in many other professions.
  • You will take blood and have your blood taken (unless you physically are unable to do so) in this program.
  • You must make a continuance grade in all core courses (theory and labs) to continue in the program. The continuance grade is 63%.
  • The program is preparing you to become part of a regulated health profession and is academically challenging; time management skills are necessary!
  • Some students find the workload prohibits them from working while going to school.
  • Laboratory attendance is mandatory.
  • Problem solving, critical thinking and math skills are a big part of the program!
  • Transfer credits are processed prior to 1st semester start via the college main website under the tab Transfer Credits and Exemption at SLC. There is an administrative fee involved due to the need to check course outlines, transcripts and ensure graduation requirements.
  • You will have multiple assessments including comprehensive exams and practical “hands-on” assessments throughout the program to ensure retention of material and ensure national competencies are met.
  • This is a competency based program which means the curriculum is based on the national standards (CSMLS) for entry level general medical laboratory technologists (MLTs).
  • Students are responsible for arranging and paying for their own certification exams.
  • Placement is not paid and is not a co-op. You pay tuition and the costs for living in your placement area.
  • Your police check, CPR and First Aid must be in date for placement so the best time to do this is 4th semester, right before your clinical placement.
  • Clinical placement is 2 semesters in duration and consists of the entire 3rd year of the program. You may be placed anywhere in Ontario and placement is by random draw. The program arranges placement so that the necessary competencies are met. The program works collaboratively with sites in the scheduling of student rotations and start dates.
  • Use of email and program resources such as the Blackboard Learning Platform are essential to good communication while in the program. There is no “Fast-Track” for university students/other post-secondary program; credits may be transferable but it will take 3 years to complete the program if you start in 1st semester.

Program Outline

2021-2022

BIOL 151 is a first year Didactic Laboratory-Lecture Integrated Course in the Medical Laboratory Science program. While developing and demonstrating entry level professional behaviors, students will learn the principles of bright field microscopy. The focus of this course is the application of microscopy skills through the introduction of a wide variety of cell and tissue types.
This is an introductory course for Medical Laboratory Science students, covering the biological and chemical principles of the cell with reference to energy flow, structure and function, anatomy, reproduction, genetics and cell diversity. This course also begins a comprehensive study of the fundamentals of human anatomy and physiology which continues in BIOL 1002 in the winter semester.

This course introduces Medical Laboratory Science students to important principles and applications in general, organic and biological chemistry. Atomic structure, chemical bonding, reaction kinetics, stoichiometry, solutions, acids and bases will be discussed with an emphasis on mathematical calculations used in basic inorganic chemistry. Nomenclature of inorganic compounds and the major organic functional groups will be introduced and the structure and properties of carbohydrates, lipids, proteins and nucleic acids and the biochemical relationships connecting these macromolecules and their metabolism will be discussed. The properties and roles of enzymes, vitamins and chemicals will also be discussed.

This course will introduce the student to the use and maintenance of common chemistry/laboratory materials, tools and equipment, WHMIS and lab safety rules, preparation of solutions and calibration curves.  The successful student will acquire the knowledge and the skills to operate basic laboratory equipment and the ability to proceed to more complex laboratory procedures.

This course equips Medical Laboratory Science students with effective verbal, nonverbal and written communication strategies. Students practice active listening skills, learn how to interpret non-verbal messages and how to avoid common barriers to effective communication. Students practice researching and analyzing scientific data and producing professional-quality correspondence and reports using basic medical/scientific vocabulary. Groups will introduce peers to the roles, responsibilities and challenges facing professional groups in healthcare delivery.
This course is designed to provide the necessary scientific mathematical skills for students in the first semester of the Medical Laboratory Science program. Medical laboratory applications are emphasized with topics including: use of a scientific calculator, the use of algebra and logarithms in laboratory calculations and formulas, conversion of units, dimensional analysis, solutions, dilutions, spectrophotometric calculations, graphing of data, linear regression techniques, acid-base calculations, and statistical calculations related to Quality Control processes.

This is a laboratory-theory integrated course which introduces students to the fundamentals of Clinical Molecular Biology. Topics include nucleic acid isolation techniques, nucleic acid quantification and visualization, PCR techniques, gel electrophoresis, and protein characterization.  Students will practice laboratory techniques appropriate to the aforementioned topics, maintain laboratory notebooks and present scientific reports relative to data collected during laboratories.

Prerequisite(s): BIOL1001 + CHEM101 + CHEM154

This course introduces students to immunological principles such as recognition of self, triggers and participatory cells and mediators in the immune system, antigen-antibody interactions and the complement system. In the laboratory, students will perform immunoassay techniques on biological samples using common tools and equipment.

Prerequisite(s): CHEM101 + CHEM154 + MATH149 + BIOL1001

BIOL1002 completes a comprehensive study of fundamentals in human anatomy and physiology begun in BIOL1001, illustrating structural and functional relationships in the endocrine, nervous, circulatory, digestive, urogenital, respiratory and lymphatic systems. Students will also consider how these systems collectively contribute to homeostasis.

Prerequisite(s): BIOL1001 + BIOL151

This course explores the history and current model of health care delivery nationally and provincially as it relates to a career as a Medical Laboratory Technologist.  Trends and issues in utilization and allocation of Canadian health services will be studied and compared with those of other models.  Students will investigate how legislation and professional regulation influences healthcare practices including laboratory services and patient care.

Prerequisite(s): COMM150

This course introduces Medical Laboratory Science students to the basic principles, scientific calculations and the decision-making processes that can be utilized during the application of statistics within the laboratory. The student will have the opportunity to apply statistical methods used in collecting, tabulating, analyzing, presenting and interpreting data. Major topics include: data description and presentation, probability determinations, distribution analysis, sampling, hypothesis testing, regression, correlation and quality control utilization.

Prerequisite(s): MATH149

This laboratory theory (lecture) integrated course introduces interpretive methods, safety procedures and aseptic techniques in clinical microbiology. A successful student will be able to articulate introductory classification, physiology and genetics of bacteria and viruses. The clinical lab’s role in infection control will be examined. Practical skills developed include isolation, identification, enumeration and staining of common microbial pathogenic organisms.

Prerequisite(s): BIOL151 + CHEM101

CHEM 201 is a second year Didactic Laboratory-Theory Integrated Course in the Medical Laboratory Science program. While developing and demonstrating entry level professional behaviors, students will learn quality and safety procedures as they apply in the clinical laboratory and the correct measures for data and specimen procurement, analytical techniques, interpretation, reporting and validation in Clinical Chemistry. Students will use their critical thinking and investigative skills to make connections between the chemistry of the biomolecules present in urine, blood and other body fluids and their significance in diagnosing disease.

Prerequisite(s): BIOL2 + CHEM101 + CHEM154 + COMM150 + LABS205 + MATH151 + BIOL1002 + HLTH1000

HEMA 200 is a second year Didactic Laboratory-Theory Integrated Course in the Medical Laboratory Science program. While developing and demonstrating entry level professional behaviors, students will learn quality and safety procedures as they apply in the clinical laboratory and the correct measures for data and specimen procurement, analytical techniques, interpretation, reporting and validation in Clinical Hematology.  Students will study the production and destruction of hematopoietic cells and blood forming tissues. Relationships between normal and abnormal blood cell morphology and results of other routine hematology analyses will be explored. Students will also study the hemostatic process, including coagulation, in detail.

Prerequisite(s): BIOL230 + LABS205 + MATH151 + BIOL1002 + HLTH1000

HSTO204 is a second year Didactic Laboratory-Theory Integrated Course in the Medical Laboratory Science program. This course introduces histotechnology, and includes the principles, theory and application of procedures and equipment related to tissue fixation, decalcification, processing, embedding, sectioning and cryostat sectioning. Students will be introduced to the staining of routine slides by Hematoxylin and Eosin (H&E) as well as immunohistochemistry staining methods. Also included will be the study of the human body on a microscopic level as well as an appreciation of the intricate relationships among organ systems.

Prerequisite(s): MATH149 + LABS205 + BIOL1002 + HLTH1000

MICR203 is a second year Didactic Laboratory-Theory Integrated Course in the Medical Laboratory Science program. While developing and demonstrating entry-level professional behaviors, students will learn quality and safety procedures as they apply in the clinical laboratory and the correct measures for data and specimen procurement, analytical techniques, interpretation, reporting and validation in Clinical Microbiology. Students will use their critical thinking and investigative skills to make connections between the isolation/detection of microorganisms in clinical specimens and health and disease. 

Prerequisite(s): BIOL1002 + BIOL230 + LABS205 + MICR45+ HLTH1000

TRAN 202 is a second year Didactic Laboratory-Lecture Integrated Course in the Medical Laboratory Science program.  Included in this course will be the study of genetics and immunology as related to blood group immunology and blood group systems for pre-transfusion testing.  Also included will be the methods, practical experience and equipment needed to gain a full understanding of a transfusion laboratory.

Prerequisite(s): BIOL230 + LABS205 + BIOL1002 + HLTH1000

CHEM207 is a second year Didactic Laboratory-Theory Integrated Course in the Medical Laboratory Science program. While developing and demonstrating entry level professional behaviors, students will learn quality and safety procedures as they apply in the clinical laboratory and the correct measures for data and specimen procurement, analytical techniques, interpretation, reporting and validation in Clinical Chemistry. Quality Control, the major organ systems, immunoassay, toxicology and homeostasis will be critically examined. A final comprehensive examination assesses students’ retention and agility with an expanded knowledge base of CHEM201 and CHEM207 learning outcomes.

Prerequisite(s): CHEM201

HEMA206 is a second year Didactic Laboratory-Theory Integrated Course in the Medical Laboratory Science program. While developing and demonstrating entry level professional behaviors, students will learn quality and safety procedures as they apply in the clinical laboratory and the correct measures for data and specimen procurement, analytical techniques, interpretation, reporting and validation in Clinical Hematology.  Important blood diseases and associated laboratory findings will be studied in detail.  A final comprehensive examination assesses students’ retention and agility with an expanded knowledge base of HEMA200 and HEMA206 learning outcomes. 

Prerequisite(s): HEMA200

HSTO 210 is a second year Didactic Laboratory-Lecture Integrated Course in the Medical Laboratory Science program. This course introduces students to the principles, theory and application of the techniques and mechanisms involved in staining routine tissue sections and the special stains used to demonstrate connective tissue elements, carbohydrates, pigments, minerals, microorganisms and lipids. This course continues the review of microanatomy from HSTO 204. A final comprehensive examination assesses students’ retention and agility with an expanded knowledge base of HSTO204 and HSTO210 learning outcomes.

Prerequisite(s): HSTO204

MICR208 is a second year Didactic Laboratory-Theory integrated Course in the Medical Laboratory Science program. While developing and demonstrating entry level professional behaviors, students will learn quality and safety procedures as they apply in the clinical laboratory and the correct measures for data and specimen procurement, analytical techniques including antimicrobial susceptibility testing and mass spectrometry, interpretation, reporting and validation in Clinical Microbiology. Students will use their critical thinking and investigative skills to make connections between the isolation/detection of microorganisms in clinical specimens and health and disease. A final comprehensive examination assesses students’ retention and agility with an expanded knowledge base of MICR203 and MICR208 learning outcomes.

Prerequisite(s): BIOL2 + MICR203

TRAN 208 is a second year Didactic Laboratory-Lecture Integrated Course in the Medical Laboratory Science program. This course introduces students to the study of genetics and immunology as related to blood group immunology, blood groups, hemolytic disease, transfusion practices, blood components including compatibility testing and donor requirements.  Also included will be the methods, practical experiences and equipment needed to gain a full understanding of the transfusion laboratory.  A final comprehensive examination assesses students’ retention and agility with an expanded knowledge base of TRAN 202 and TRAN 208 learning outcomes.

Prerequisite(s): TRAN202

Under supervision, within the clinical laboratory setting, students in this course will efficiently, accurately and safely process, interpret and validate a variety of specimens for clinical chemistry analysis. Students will document and report results as required to meet quality standards and will demonstrate the required entry level behaviours in their role as part of the healthcare team. Students will also demonstrate a well developed knowledge base of course and program learning outcomes.

Prerequisite(s): HEMA206 + HSTO210 + MICR208 + TRAN208 + CHEM207

Under supervision, within the clinical laboratory setting, students in this course will efficiently, accurately and safely process, interpret and validate a variety of specimens for clinical chemistry analysis. Students will document and report results as required to meet quality standards and will demonstrate the required entry level behaviours in their role as part of the healthcare team. Students will also demonstrate a well developed knowledge base of course and program learning outcomes.

Prerequisite(s): HEMA206 + HSTO210 + MICR208 + TRAN208 + CHEM207

This online course examines a number of psychological and professional topics relevant to the health care work environment. Through the use of assigned readings, online discussion, journal writing and a culminating project the student will acquire knowledge and skills related to interpersonal communication, resource management, applied investigation, critical thinking, and professionalism.

Prerequisite(s): HEMA206 + HSTO210 + MICR208 + TRAN208 + CHEM207 + HLTH1000

Under supervision, within the clinical laboratory setting, students in this course will efficiently, accurately and safely process, interpret and validate a variety of specimens for clinical hematology analysis. Students will document and report results as required to meet quality standards and will demonstrate the required entry level behaviours in their role as part of the healthcare team. Students will also demonstrate a well developed knowledge base of course and program learning outcomes.

Prerequisite(s): HEMA206 + HSTO210 + MICR208 + TRAN208 + CHEM207

Under supervision, within the clinical laboratory setting, students in this course will efficiently, accurately and safely process, interpret and validate a variety of specimens for clinical hematology analysis. Students will document and report results as required to meet quality standards and will demonstrate the required entry level behaviours in their role as part of the healthcare team. Students will also demonstrate a well developed knowledge base of course and program learning outcomes.

Prerequisite(s): HEMA206 + HSTO210 + MICR208 + TRAN208 + CHEM207

Under supervision, within the clinical laboratory setting, students in this course will efficiently, accurately and safely process, interpret and validate a variety of specimens for clinical histological analysis. Students will document and report results as required to meet quality standards and will demonstrate the required entry level behaviours in their role as part of the healthcare team. Students will also demonstrate a well- developed knowledge base of course and program learning outcomes.

Prerequisite(s): HEMA206 + HSTO210 + MICR208 + TRAN208 + CHEM207

Under supervision, within the clinical laboratory setting, students in this course will efficiently, accurately and safely process, interpret and validate a variety of specimens for clinical histological analysis. Students will document and report results as required to meet quality standards and will demonstrate the required entry level behaviours in their role as part of the healthcare team. Students will also demonstrate a well- developed knowledge base of course and program learning outcomes.

Prerequisite(s): HEMA206 + HSTO210 + MICR208 + TRAN208 + CHEM207

Under supervision, within the clinical laboratory setting, students in this course will efficiently, accurately and safely process, interpret and validate a variety of specimens for microbiological analysis. Students will document and report results as required to meet quality standards and will demonstrate the required entry-level behaviours in their role as part of the healthcare team. Students will also demonstrate a well-developed knowledge base of course and program learning outcomes.

Prerequisite(s): HEMA206 + HSTO210 + MICR208 + TRAN208 + CHEM207

Under supervision, within the clinical laboratory setting, students in this course will efficiently, accurately and safely process, interpret and validate a variety of specimens for microbiological analysis. Students will document and report results as required to meet quality standards and will demonstrate the required entry-level behaviours in their role as part of the healthcare team. Students will also demonstrate a well-developed knowledge base of course and program learning outcomes.

Prerequisite(s): HEMA206 + HSTO210 + MICR208 + TRAN208 + CHEM207

Under supervision, within the clinical laboratory setting, students in this course will efficiently, accurately and safely process, interpret and validate a variety of specimens for clinical transfusion analysis. Students will document and report results as required to meet quality standards and will demonstrate the required entry level behaviours in their role as part of the healthcare team. Students will also demonstrate a well developed knowledge base of course and program learning outcomes.

Prerequisite(s): HEMA206 + HSTO210 + MICR208 + TRAN208 + CHEM207

Under supervision, within the clinical laboratory setting, students in this course will efficiently, accurately and safely process, interpret and validate a variety of specimens for clinical transfusion analysis. Students will document and report results as required to meet quality standards and will demonstrate the required entry level behaviours in their role as part of the healthcare team. Students will also demonstrate a well developed knowledge base of course and program learning outcomes.

Prerequisite(s): HEMA206 + HSTO210 + MICR208 + TRAN208 + CHEM207

Requirements

Admission Requirements

Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD) with the majority of Grade 11 and 12 courses at the C, U or M level including the following prerequisites:

  • Grade 12 English at the C or U level
  • Grade 12 Math at the C or U level
  • Grade 12 Chemistry at the C or U level (or SCH3U)
  • Grade 11 or 12 Biology at the C or U level

For OSSD equivalency options, see Admission Requirements.

This is a HIGHLY COMPETITIVE program. To be included in the competitive ranking, applications must be complete including all transcripts and proof of enrollment by February 1. Meeting minimum entrance requirements does not guarantee admissions to the program. Please see the Highly Competitive Program Chart for more details.

If you are missing prerequisite courses, enroll in the Career/College Prep program - free for Ontario residents who are 19 years or older.

Health Requirements

Pre-Placement Immunization Requirements

Immunizations are MANDATORY and may take several weeks to complete. Students cannot start Semester 2 laboratory classes or any placement(s) without updated immunization status confirmed with the appropriate personnel within the College. 

  1. Prior to arriving to campus, students are required to set an appointment to confirm/update their immunization status with their physician
    • If a student does not have a physician, they can obtain their health records from their local Health Unit and then work with their local community walk in clinic or contact Kingston Campus Health Centre to set an appointment
  2. Print this MLS/MLAT Communicable Disease Form and take to your appointment
  3. Questions about completing this form can be sent to immunizations@sl.on.ca
  4. Secure and save all medical documents
  5. Students will be notified where and how to send this information through to the College during your first week of classes or through their SLC email account
    • PLEASE DO NOT email any medical information using private email accounts
  6. Once verified as complete, students will be notified that they have met this requirement for placement

Note: Medical coverage for vaccines received on or after September 1, can be claimed by full-time Students under their Student Sickness & Accident Insurance Plan.  This insurance is made available to all full-time students once enrolled unless students are opt-out. 

OTHER PLACEMENT REQUIREMENTS

To be eligible for unpaid placement, enrolled students will need to complete a series of MANDATORY program and agency-specific pre-placement requirements.  These will be discussed with students during class time and a Student Placement Facilitator will be in place to assist and answer all placement-related questions.  

Students will need to complete the below mandatory requirements before classes begin:

  1. Standard First Aid & CPR Level BLS (formerly HCP) Certification

Must be completed through a WSIB-approved training provider. Certification must remain valid for the duration of the program and must not expire during placement.

  1. WSIB Certified First Aid/CPR Trainers
  2. Book a class ASAP as they fill up quickly
  3. Students can hold their certificate once completed and they will be instructed where and how to share it with the College during their class time
  4. All costs associated with the training are at the expense of the student 

PLEASE READ CAREFULLY

  1. Police Record Check – Vulnerable Sector Screening

Note: Certain criminal convictions may prevent a student from participating or completing placements for this program.  Applicants with criminal records are required to contact the Associate Dean of the respective school (see Program Contacts below) prior to accepting an offer to this program to discuss and confirm participation within this program is suitable. 

A recent Police Record Check including the Vulnerable Sector Screening is an agency requirement and is MANDATORY to begin any unpaid placement for this Program.

  • Students will be notified when to apply for their Police Record Check by the Student Placement Facilitator to ensure the dates remain valid for their placement period.
  • Many agencies want these updated every 3-6 months. All costs associated with obtaining a Police Record Check are at the expense of the student.
  • Enrolled students will be notified of further instruction through their SLC email account or their Blackboards and should continue to monitor frequently.

ADDITIONAL PLACEMENT INFORMATION

Students with outstanding pre-placement requirements will not be eligible to begin placement and may be denied to begin placement or be required to pay additional fees (at their own expense) to continue and complete the placement component.

Pre-placement requirements are subject to change based on placement agency and/or legislative or regulatory changes.

Program-specific or additional questions? Please email the Program Contact(s) listed below.

Other Requirements

The Medical Laboratory Science Program utilizes online assessment throughout all 3 years of the program. Students must have a reliable personal device (i.e. laptop, tablet) so that they can access all required assessments in their homes, in the college student spaces, in their learning environments and at their clinical site.

Fees

2021-2022

Tuition
Program Fees
Ancillary Fees
Total
CAD
Tuition
$2,828.06 CAD
Program Fees
$0.00 CAD
Ancillary Fees
$1,184.25 CAD
Total
$4,012.31 CAD

Fees are estimates only.  Tuition is based on two semesters.

Tuition fees are subject to change pending confirmation of provincial Ministry Funding rates for 2021-2022.

Kingston

Our Kingston campus has seen significant renovation over the past few years, including a brand new Student Life and Innovation Centre that houses a new gymnasium, fitness centre, pub, and more.

New Gym
Kingston Campus Exterior
Kingston Campus

Career Opportunities

Medical Laboratory Science offers exciting opportunities for those who want a career in science and health care. Graduates find job opportunities in hospital laboratories, private laboratories, and public health institutions. Additional opportunities exist in research laboratories, clinics, business and industry. The profession also provides opportunities for specialization and leadership roles.

Testimonials

"With experienced faculty who are very knowledgeable in their field and a very well organized program, Medical Laboratory Science at St. Lawrence College has done an outstanding job at preparing me for the national certification exam and to be able to work right away upon completion of the program."
Satoru - Medical Laboratory Science
"I found the MLS program to be a challenging program that takes a lot of hard work, dedication, and time management skills. The career that you get in the end is very rewarding and definitely worth it."
Taylor

Program Contacts

Program Contact
MLS@sl.on.ca
613-544-5400, ext. 1468

Associate Dean Allied Health
Barry Weese
bweese@sl.on.ca
613-544-5400 Ext.1132

Health and Wellness General Inquiries
healthsciences@sl.on.ca


International Students Contact
international@sl.on.ca
+1 613.544.5400 ext. 5514

Admissions Information
Contact a member of our recruitment team
ask@sl.on.ca

1.800.463.0752 and ask for Recruiting